Organization and Structure of the Department

The Department of History and Archaeology is part of the School of Letters. It was founded in 1983 (Official government act: 48/15-4-1983) and admitted its first students in the academic year 1983-84. 
Its educational and organizational activities are structured in the following sections:
Section of Ancient and Medieval History

Section of Modern and Contemporary History

Section of Archaeology and Art History

Section of Oriental and African Studies


Contact information

Study Programme Overview


Undergraduate Studies Programme

Degree in History and Archaeology


Admission procedures

High school (Lyceum) certificate. National level examinations


Official Duration of Programme

8 academic semesters



Full-time study / A full academic year of studies equals 60 ECTS credits and a full semester equals 30 ECTS credits.


Division – Specification

The Degree Programme consists of the following two courses:

History course                                                                      

Archaeology and History of Art course


Requirements for Graduation

The total number of ECTS credits required for the degree award is 240.

For the award of the degree of History and Archaeology students must attend and successfully pass the examinations in 42 modules, which are freely chosen by the students within the requirements of each degree course. Students may also choose to attend foreign language courses, Information Technology laboratory modules, as well as participate in internships.


Course Classification

Modules Classification


No. of modules








Educational, research and professional goals

The Department aims at familiarizing students with the theoretical and methodological approaches in the fields of history and archaeology, in order to help them develop a critical way of thinking. Teaching and research at the Department are carried out through an up-to-date spectrum of thematic, theoretical and methodological approaches.

The Department carries out archaeological research that covers the whole spectrum of the prehistory and historical periods in the Greek world. The students of the Department who choose the Archaeology course are trained in archaeological methods by participating in the excavations conducted by the Department at Ancient Eleutherna, on the island of Gaudos, at Rodafnidia on the island of Lesvos, and at the Inner Ionian Sea Archipelago, as well as in the survey on the islet of Dia off the northern coast of Crete; students who choose the History course the Department provides opportunities to work in archives. The Department also carries out annual in situ training of the students in museums, monuments and art galleries of Greece and abroad.

The Department prepares its students for their incorporation in a wide range of vocational options both in Greece and abroad: teaching in the secondary education, a career in the vocational areas of historical and archaeological research, in research centres, at the Archaeological Service, museums, art galleries and generally in positions that are related to culture and art. Moreover, the special features of the Department’s curriculum allow its graduates to successfully seek employment in various other fields, where analytical ability, a critical way of thinking and correct language command are considered necessary.


Student Coursework Evaluation

The performance of a student in each course is assessed through written and/or oral examination, according to the teacher’s judgement, during the examination period of each semester (in January and June) and the third examination period that takes place in September. Students at their last semester have the right, apart from the examination period of September, to be re-examined at the examination period of January in courses in which they had enrolled in the previous spring semester only.

- Re-grading: Students awarded a low mark at a particular module are given the option to be examined in other modules in the same subject/field. If they achieve a higher mark, it is automatically counted towards their degree grade in place of the earlier mark. If not, the former grade applies.


Grading system and requirements for students’ graduation

Grading scale is from 0 to 10.

Excellent: 8.5-10

Very Good: 6.5- 8.49

Good: 5.00- 6.49

The minimum mark for successful attendance of a module is 5.



Bachelor degree (B.A.) in History and Archaeology - Specialization History

Bachelor degree (B.A.) in History and Archaeology – Specialization Archaeology and History of Art.


Professional certificate

It does not exist / Professional registration is not required for the graduates of the Department of History and Archaeology.


Access to further studies

The Department encourages its students to seek research specialization at a postgraduate level. The graduates of the Department have all the necessary qualifications to pursue postgraduate studies. The Department itself offers five Postgraduate Study Programs that lead to the acquisition of masters degrees, whereas it also has a Ph.D. Program in the fields of History, Archaeology and Art History (click on the fields for more information):

- The Ancient Mediterranean World: History and Archaeology (with study programs  providing specialization in Prehistoric Archaeology, Classical Archaeology and Ancient History)

      - Byzantine Studies (with study programs providing specialization in Byzantine History and in Byzantine Archaeology – History of Byzantine Art)

      - Turkish Studies (organized jointly with the Institute for Mediterranean Studies of the Foundation for Research and Technology, Hellas)

      - Contemporary Greek and European History

      - History of Art


Indicative Curriculum


Section of Ancient and Medieval History

Ancient History (ΑΙS)

ΑΙS 630

Katerina Panagopoulou

The Roman Res Publica from the Archaic Period until Octavian Augustus (L)

AIS 351

Katerina Panagopoulou

Society, Religion and Politics in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods (S)

ΑΙS 511

Kostas Vlassopoulos

Slavery in antiquity (L)

AIS 345

Kostas Vlassopoulos

The Persian Empire (S)

Byzantine History (VΙS)

VIS 620

Demetrios Kyritsis

Lords and peasants. Agrarian society in Byzantium (7th-15th centuries) (L)

VIS 335

Demetrios Kyritsis

Social critiques and challenges in late Byzantium (S)

VIS 612

Konstantinos Moustakas

The historical demography of Byzantium (L)

VIS 356

Konstantinos Moustakas

Slavic settlement in the Greek peninsula (7th – 10th centuries) (S)

Medieval History (ΙΜCH)

ΙΜCH 250

Aglaia Kasdagli

Social Struggles in Medieval Europe (L)

ΙΜCH 319

Aglaia Kasdagli

The European Middle Ages in literature and art (S)

ΙΜCH 227

Eleni Sakellariou

North Italy during the central Middle Ages: from commune to signoria (L)

Section of Modern and Contemporary History

Modern and Contemporary History (ΙΝCH)

ΙΝCH 350 

Efi Avdela

Issues of postwar history, 1945-1973 (S)

ΙΝCH 316

Eleftheria Zei

Modern European history: questions of historiography (S)

ΙΝCH 115

Socrates Petmezas

Introduction to Greek history 1912-1980 (L)

ΙΝCH 212

Yiannis Kokkinakis

Public debt in the Greek state. Part I, 1821-1914 (L)

ΙΝCH 319

Yiannis Kokkinakis

The bankruptcy of 1893 (S)

Section of Oriental and African Studies

Turkish Studies (ΤΟΥ)

ΤΟΥ 109  

Antonis Anastasopoulos

An introduction to the history of the Ottoman Empire (L)

ΤΟΥ 329

Antonis Anastasopoulos

General surveys of Ottoman history: methodological issues (S)

TOY 273

Elias Kolovos

Living in the Greek lands under Ottoman rule (L)

TOY 390

Nikos Christofis

Political parties and ideological movements from the late Ottoman  Empire to the Turkish Republic (S)

Section of Archaeology and Art History

Prehistoric Archaeology (PAR)                                                   

PAR 179

Katerina Kopaka

A kaleidoscope of Minoan archaeology ΙΙ (L)

PAR 103

Nena Galanidou

Prehistoric Archaeology: history, subject and theory (L)

PAR 338  

Nena Galanidou

Twentieth-century prehistory seen through its pioneers (S)

Classical Archaeology (ΚΑR)

ΚΑR 100 

Pavlina Karanastasi

Introduction to Classical Archaeology (L)

ΚΑR 317

Pavlina Karanastasi

Cult statues in Greek antiquity (S)

ΚΑR 140 

Dimitris Bosnakis

“City of images”: Classical Athens through the iconography of statues, public monuments and vase painting (L)

ΚΑR 306

Dimitris Bosnakis

Mythical traditions of Greek heroes (S)

Byzantine Archaeology (VΑR)

VAR 173

Vassiliki Foskolou

Byzantine Painting and its audience (L)

VAR 358

Vassiliki Foskolou

The monastery of Chora in Constantinople and the artistic production of the Paleologan era (S)

VAR 474 

Christina Tsigonaki

Thessaloniki and its monuments, 4th-15th centuries (L)

VAR 332 

Christina Tsigonaki

Thessaloniki: from Roman to Byzantine city (S)

History of Western Art (ΙΤD)

ITD 336  

Panayotis Ioannou

Artists at work: apprenticeship, working methods, social status, writings of the artists (14th- 17th cent.) (S)

ITD 128 

Titina Kornezou

Fifteenth- and sixteenth-century painting in the Low countries (L)

ITD 349

Titina Kornezou

From the workshop to the Academy: institutions and artistic education (16th-18th c.) (S)

Computer lab modules


Ariadne Gazi

Internet and Humanities: brief history, evaluation methods, online research tools


Ariadne Gazi

Using computer applications and online tools for preparing assignments


Alexandros Maridakis

Basic computing skills (Introduction to ICT)


Alexandros Maridakis

Utilization of I.C.T. applications and tools for the formulation of scientific and research digital content


For more information on the Department’s undergraduate courses on offer see the available courses’ list in the Department’s website ( as well as at the Regulation-Curriculum (


Student mobility

Erasmus + : During their studies, the students of the Department of History and Archaeology have the opportunity to spend a semester or a year abroad, in departments with similar subjects in other European universities, through the Erasmus+ Program.

For information on the procedure check the Department’s website here and the website of the International and Public Relations Office of the University of Crete here.



The curriculum of the Department of History and Archaeology provides students with the possibility of internships in institutions and services of vocational interest relative to the scientific specializations offered by the Department. For information on the procedure click here (in Greek) and also check the Department’s website here (in Greek).


Financing and other opportunities for Undergraduate students

Louis Robert Award

Awarded jointly with the Department of Philology.
This award is made annually to the two best undergraduate or postgraduate dissertations on the Ancient World submitted during the previous academic year, either in the Department of Philology or in the Department of History and Archaeology.
Dissertations awarded High Distinction are submitted by teaching staff in the departmental Sections to three-member committees, consisting of members from the Departments of Philology and History and Archaeology.
The award was established on the recommendation of the late Professor I. Kambitsis, in memory of the distinguished classical scholar Louis Robert, Professor at the Collège de France and member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres. The award is accompanied by a monetary prize of 500 euros, or 250 euros if awarded to two dissertations.

Maria Lyritzaki-Trumpf Scholarship

Following the decision of the University’s Senate (332/19-2-2015) and the decision of the General Assembly of the Department of History and Archaeology on 21-1-2015, the Department of History and Archaeology of the University of Crete has announced the Maria Lyritzaki-Trumpf Scholarship. The Lyritzaki-Trumpf scholarship is annual and amounts to € 400 per month. It is given to an undergraduate student  in the Archeology course, and therefore in the third or later year of his or her studies.

Alexandros Karavitis Scholarship

The scholarship is funded by the donation of Alexandros Karavitis, according to the decision of the University’s Senate (269/17-09-2009). The duration of the scholarship is one academic year and the amount is defined by the decision of the School's Dean, based on available funds. The final approval for the appointment of the scholar is made by the General Assembly of the Department.Eligible applicants include the undergraduate or postgraduate students of the Departments of the School of Philosophy, the School of Social Sciences and the School of Education of the University of Crete, with criteria defined by a decision of the General Assembly of each Department.